Topic 2: Research Ethics and Evaluating Qualitative Research

Topic 2: Research Ethics and Evaluating Qualitative Research

Topic 2: Research Ethics and Evaluating Qualitative Research

Research data is obtained and stored in different forms depending on the researcher’s objectives and the studied phenomena. Qualitative data denotes the information characterizing the attributes of the study subjects without measuring them. It only provides its properties descriptively (Busetto et al., 2020). This data can be overwhelming for the researcher, particularly when in large volumes. Various strategies can help researchers to manage and organize such data.

One of the is to use a clear file naming to allow data tracking. Researchers should consider storing data with similar characteristics in the same folder. The data can be further categorized according to themes of the study, subjects interviewed, and population demographics such as ages. Such organization enables the researchers to easily retrieve and categorize responses from people according to age and characterize them appropriately. Organizing data in folders also minimizes the chances of data mix-up.

Besides file naming and placing data in specific folders, researchers should consider consistent and analysis methods. For instance, researchers can stick to focus group discussions for data collection where a small number of the study population discusses a particular issue in-depth through group interaction (Doria et al., 2018). Doing so makes it easy for the researcher to explore how people think and behave and provide consistent results. Data analysis should also be done using one method, such as expert discussions. Opting for one strategy allows the researcher to be consistent and organize data easily. The chances of confusion are also minimal, which can help to manage data regardless of its volume and characteristics.



Busetto, L., Wick, W., & Gumbinger, C. (2020). How to use and assess qualitative research methods. Neurological Research and Practice2(1), 1-10.

Doria, N., Condran, B., Boulos, L., Maillet, D. G. C., Dowling, L., & Levy, A. (2018). Sharpening the focus: differentiating between focus groups for patient engagement vs. qualitative research. Research Involvement and Engagement4(1), 1-8.

Topic 2 Discussion 2: Types of Qualitative Research

Researchers use different approaches to collect data and make inferences about subjects’ behaviors and other phenomena. Qualitative research primarily involves collecting and analyzing non-numerical data to seek an in-depth understanding of phenomena within their natural setting. It usually seeks to answer the question of “why” and not “what” behind something (Busetto et al., 2020). Phenomenological research and grounded theory are common qualitative research approaches differing profoundly but also sharing some features.

Phenomenological research investigates the daily experiences of a study’s subjects while suspending the researcher’s views about the phenomenon being studied. The primary purpose of phenomenological research is to produce detailed descriptions of the phenomena being studied by seeking reality from individuals’ everyday experiences (Neubauer et al., 2019). The researcher usually interacts with the study’s subjects, observes their experiences, and collects data through interviews and other qualitative research methods. A suitable example of phenomenological research is exploring family members’ experiences with a patient under palliative care. Experiences include anxiety, stress, and emotional well-being.

Grounded theory is primarily concerned with generating a theory/hypothesis. In grounded theory research, researchers collect and analyze data. Since the theory is grounded in actual data, researchers analyze and develop theories after collecting the data (Chun Tie et al., 2019). A suitable example of grounded theory research is a study on the reasons behind nurses’ dissatisfaction. Nurses can explain what they feel is missing in the workplace. The researchers then gather this data, evaluate the results to determine the leading causes, and present solutions. The gathered data helps the researcher to establish a theory. Like phenomenological research, grounded theory research seeks to collect and analyze data to study phenomena in more detail.



Busetto, L., Wick, W., & Gumbinger, C. (2020). How to use and assess qualitative research methods. Neurological Research and Practice2(1), 1-10.

Chun Tie, Y., Birks, M., & Francis, K. (2019). Grounded theory research: A design framework for novice researchers. SAGE Open Medicine7, 2050312118822927.

Neubauer, B. E., Witkop, C. T., & Varpio, L. (2019). How phenomenology can help us learn from the experiences of others. Perspectives on Medical Education8(2), 90-97.

Re: Topic 2 DQ 1
Qualitative research can be very broad and include data in cultural behaviors, a person’s lived experiences, and those who are involved in performing specific actions (Green and Johnson, 2018). All of this data can become overwhelming, as a new researcher it can even get chaotic and feel out of control (Erlingsson and Brysiewicz, 2017). A good starting point as recommended by Erlingsson and Brysiewicz (2017) is to start with transcribing the interviews into text, this will help to condense meaning units, help with coding, and categorizing the data. Condensing, coding and categorizing will happen many times in the data analysis process. There are also software options that can help assist with collecting, however, Erlingsson and Brysiewicz (2017) state “A major drawback is that qualitative analysis software can be prohibitively expensive”, and they suggest to use data templates to with A, B, and C, columns that codes can be separated into categories for theme/experiance, code/event, and categories/emotions, memories (Erlingsson and Brysiewicz, 2017). Lastly it is important to keep your main research topic in the forefront of you mind and not be swayed by the data collected or allow yourself to become biased from the data. Getting overwhelmed is easy to do but staying focused and tracking your data with a template is the best and most economic way to assess and manage the data collected.Erlingsson, C., & Brysiewicz, P. (2017). A hands-on guide to doing content analysis. African Journal of Emergency Medicine, 7(3), 93–99. doi: 10.1016/j.afjem.2017.08.001Grand Canyon University (Ed). (2018). Nursing research: Understanding methods for best practice. Retrieved from
Re: Topic 2 DQ 2
Three types of qualitative research are phenomenological, grounded theory, and ethnographic research. “Phenomenology research is used to study people through their lived experiences” (Helbig, 2018). Phenomenological research is aimed at examining how people perceive, and comprehend a particular situation that they have personally experienced. The data is collected primarily through in-depth conversations and interviews; however, some studies may collect data from diaries, drawings, or observation. The sample size is usually small, often 10 or less participants which may lead to questionable results. An example topic of phenomenology research is “What is it like to experience a natural disaster mass evacuation, such as during hurricane Katrina?”
Grounded theory research is based on symbolic reaction theory where it is used to discover problems that exist in a social scene and how the person views or deals with them. Grounded theory helps close the gap between theory and empirical research. Data is reviewed by the researcher and repeated ideas, concepts or elements become apparent, and are tagged with codes, which have been extracted from the data. Eventually the codes can be grouped into concepts, and then into categories which may later become the basis for new theory. Grounded theorists and phenomenologists are alike in that they, collect and analyze data from a subjects’ perspectives. Both involve social aspects, and true life experiences, and seek to explore a subject’s experiences in their living environment. However, grounded theory describes or explains the phenomenon understudy, and how a person views it.Lastly, ethnographic research. Ethnographic research is the study of people and cultures, many times, by observation (Helbig, 2018). Ethnographic research “describes the various systems and relationships that surround everyday life of individuals and sometimes specific cultural practices” (Kilman, 2016). An example of ethnographic study would be of religion and/or language. Topic 2: Research Ethics and Evaluating Qualitative ResearchReferences:

Grand Canyon University (Ed). (2018). Nursing research: Understanding methods for best practice. Retrieved from

Lester, S. (1999). An introduction to phenomenological research. Retrieved from

Sbaraini, A., Carter, S. M., Evans, R. W., & Blinkhorn, A. (2011). How to do a grounded theory study: a worked example of a study of dental practices. BMC medical research methodology, 11, 128. doi:10.1186/1471-2288-11-128

Nursing Assignment Help
Calculate your paper price
Pages (550 words)
Approximate price: -

Why Work with Us

Top-notch Quality and Well-researched Paper

Here at, we emphasize thorough research to ensure top-notch quality papers. We are aware that nursing learners should possess in-depth knowledge of research-based practices. As a result, we ensure that our writers strictly adhere to your instructions and are willing to add the touch of extra research to provide well-researched papers. At, you can choose your academic level: high school, college/university, or post graduate levels. *Note: we emphasize extensive research and uncompromised quality regardless of your academic level.

Professional and Experienced Academic Writers

Our team of professional writers are well-versed with a wide range of health-related topics. Apart from reputation and experience in diverse topics, our writers are determined to follow instructions to provide quality papers. Many are native speaker and capable of adhering to up-to-date writing guidelines. With your collaboration, our writers will ensure that your academic journey is smooth and excellent.

Free Unlimited Revisions

You have the autonomy when it comes to scrutinizing our service. Therefore, you can send your order for free revision when you feel that we have missed some aspects consistent with instructions. Once we deliver your paper, you have up to 10 days to submit your order for review. You can do this by logging into your personal account or by contacting our support. Note that your paper's quality is our mission here at

Timely Delivery and 100% Money-Back-Guarantee

Timely delivery is a profound indicator of academic excellence. Here at, we are aware that class assignments are timed and deadline-sensitive. Therefore, we deliver all papers in time without compromising their quality. Regardless of tough deadlines, we ensure that we address every aspect of the papers' instructions. In case we need more time to complete your paper, we shall collaborate with you for deadline extension. In case you cannot provide use with more time, we guarantee you a 100% refund. Remember, your satisfaction is our primary objective.

Original & Confidential

Plagiarism is a punishable offense that may cost you your present and future professional development. With this knowledge, we endeavor to deliver original, plagiarism-free papers. We use several proven software and tools such as Turnitin, LopesWrite, Safe Assign, and Copyscape to check your paper's originality before delivering it to you. Further, our editorial team emphasize word-to-word review of all quotations and citations to ensure that all the papers are original.

While you may feel that providing your information could infringe your privacy, we promise to keep your information confidential and secure by desisting from sharing individual data to third-party users. We value your information since it enables us to communicate with you and provide quality services.

24/7 Customer Support

Consistent and timely communication is crucial in ensuring quality services. Our support agents are available 24 hours a day and 7days a week with the commitment to providing you with the best customer service. In case of any suggestion or clarification, get in touch with us via the life chart option, email, or WhatsApp.

Try it now!

Calculate the price of your order

Total price:

How it works?

Follow these simple steps to get your paper done

Place your order

Fill in the order form and provide all details of your assignment.

Proceed with the payment

Choose the payment system that suits you most.

Receive the final file

Once your paper is ready, we will email it to you.

Our Services

No need to work on your paper at night. Sleep tight, we will cover your back. We offer all kinds of writing services.


Essay Writing Service

No matter what kind of academic paper you need and how urgent you need it, you are welcome to choose your academic level and the type of your paper at an affordable price. We take care of all your paper needs and give a 24/7 customer care support system.


Admission Essays & Business Writing Help

An admission essay is an essay or other written statement by a candidate, often a potential student enrolling in a college, university, or graduate school. You can be rest assurred that through our service we will write the best admission essay for you.


Editing Support

Our academic writers and editors make the necessary changes to your paper so that it is polished. We also format your document by correctly quoting the sources and creating reference lists in the formats APA, Harvard, MLA, Chicago / Turabian.


Revision Support

If you think your paper could be improved, you can request a review. In this case, your paper will be checked by the writer or assigned to an editor. You can use this option as many times as you see fit. This is free because we want you to be completely satisfied with the service offered.

Open chat
Get in Touch with Our Live Chat Agents via WhatsApp at +1(256)-743-6183. Get Unlimited Access to Answers on Any Queries With Your Paper.