PHI 3200 CU Organs Robbing the Dead Is Organ Conscription Ethical Discussion
Write a 2-3 page paper that examines the moral and ethical considerations of organ conscription policies and theories.
SCARCITY OF MEDICAL RESOURCES
For this assessment, you will continue your survey of ethical principles in health care. Especially in our contemporary world, where needs for health care outstrip available resources, we regularly face decisions about who should get which resources.There is a serious shortage of donor organs. Need vastly outstrips supply, due not only to medical advances related to organ transplantation, but also because not enough people consent to be cadaveric donors (an organ donor who has already died). Munson (2014) points out that in the United States, approximately 10,000 patients die each year because an organ donor was not available, which is three times the number of people killed in the terrorist attacks on 9/11.But what is an efficient and morally sound solution to this problem? The policy of presumed consent, where enacted, has scarcely increased supply, and other alternatives, such as allowing donors to sell their organs, raise strong moral objections. In light of this, some have advocated for a policy of conscription of cadaveric organs (Spital & Erin, 2002). This involves removing organs from the recently deceased without first obtaining consent of the donor or his or her family. Proponents of this policy argue that conscription would not only vastly increase the number of available organs, and hence save many lives, but that it is also more efficient and less costly than policies requiring prior consent. Finally, because with a conscription policy allpeople would share the burden of providing organs after death and all would stand to benefit should the need arise, the policy is fair and just.
DEMONSTRATION OF PROFICIENCY
By successfully completing this assessment, you will demonstrate your proficiency in the following course competencies and scoring guide criteria:
Competency 1: Articulate ethical issues in health care.
Articulate the moral concerns surrounding a policy of organ conscription.
Articulate questions about the fairness and justness of organ conscription policy.
Explain the relevance and significance of the concept of consent as it pertains to organ donation.
Evaluate alternative policies for increasing available donor organs.
Competency 5: Communicate in a manner that is scholarly, professional, and respectful of the diversity, dignity, and integrity of others and is consistent with health care professionals.
Exhibit proficiency in clear and effective academic writing skills.
Munson, R. (2014). Intervention and reflection: Basic issues in bioethics (concise ed.). Boston, MA: Wadsworth.Spital, A., & Erin, C. (2002). Conscription of cadaveric organs for transplantation: Let’s at least talk about it. American Journal of Kidney Disease, 39(3), 611–615.
Do you consider the policy of organ conscription to be morally sound?Write a paper that answers this question, defending that answer with cogent moral reasoning and supporting your view with ethical theories or moral principles you take to be most relevant to the issue. In addition to reviewing the suggested resources, you are encouraged to locate additional resources in the Capella library, your public library, or authoritative online sites to provide additional support for your viewpoint. Be sure to weave and cite the resources throughout your work.In your paper, address the following:
On what grounds could one argue that consent is not ethically required for conscription of cadaveric organs? And on what grounds could one argue that consent is required?
Is the policy truly just and fair, as supporters claim? Explain.
Do you consider one of the alternative policies for increasing available donor organs that Munson discusses to be preferable to conscription? Explain why or why not.
Written communication: Written communication is free of errors that detract from the overall message.
APA formatting: Resources and citations are formatted according to current APA style and formatting guidelines.
Length: 2–3 typed, double-spaced pages.
Font and font size: Times New Roman, 12 point.
You must proofread your paper. But do not strictly rely on your computer’s spell-checker and grammar-checker; failure to do so indicates a lack of effort on your part and you can expect your grade to suffer accordingly. Papers with numerous misspelled words and grammatical mistakes will be penalized. Read over your paper – in silence and then aloud – before handing it in and make corrections as necessary. Often it is advantageous to have a friend proofread your paper for obvious errors. Handwritten corrections are preferable to uncorrected mistakes.
Use a standard 10 to 12 point (10 to 12 characters per inch) typeface. Smaller or compressed type and papers with small margins or single-spacing are hard to read. It is better to let your essay run over the recommended number of pages than to try to compress it into fewer pages.
Likewise, large type, large margins, large indentations, triple-spacing, increased leading (space between lines), increased kerning (space between letters), and any other such attempts at “padding” to increase the length of a paper are unacceptable, wasteful of trees, and will not fool your professor.
The paper must be neatly formatted, double-spaced with a one-inch margin on the top, bottom, and sides of each page. When submitting hard copy, be sure to use white paper and print out using dark ink. If it is hard to read your essay, it will also be hard to follow your argument.
The community health nurse’s roles have expanded greatly. While the community health nurses care for specific patients in the community like school health nurse, the public health nurses care for everybody in a community. The nurses usually work in partnership with stakeholders, including the government, to deliver various services. Community health nurses have diverse knowledge, skills and competence, and they take part in community organizations, health education, as well as social and political reforms (McMorrow et al., 2021). They work hand in hand with community agencies and community members and they also have a duty in health promotion to address health and social conditions and population problems. Also, they major on individuals with special care, for example, elderly, young mothers, teenagers, sedentary population.
Nurses are trained on skills that focus on collaboration and communication that create a link between community health nurse and many other stakeholders. Through this training, solutions and resources are availed (Prodoehl-Caniano, 2019). Partnering with stakeholders helps develop multiple level interventions, which help enhance sustainability, thus increase trust and proper use of community resources like training. The partnering also involves making decisions of assessment and program education.
Appraising the community resource used in health promotion is vital since it helps evaluate the importance of the fund to the target community. A resource like pregnancy control equipment is essential in a population full of young women; thus, the material can help regulate the rate of early pregnancy (Khumalo & Brown, 2022). Appraisal of the health resource for a community assists in understanding the amount of support to be invested in a particular population. The estimation of the amount of the resources required to assist in avoiding the shortage of support to the community. The resources like education and financial support are essential in population health promotion since it will help in creating an understanding of the health problem and assistance in solving the health issue. The resource also assists in mobilizing the population and providing them with the necessary equipment like food during the promotion.
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