NURS 6050 Discussion 1 Evidence Base in Design SAMPLE

NURS 6050 Discussion 1 Evidence Base in Design SAMPLE

NURS 6050 Discussion 1 Evidence Base in Design SAMPLE

The selected policy for this discussion is the S. 610: Dr. Lorna Breen Health Care Provider Protection Act of 2021 sponsored by Junior Senator for Virginia Timothy Kaine. The purpose of the bill is to mandate the federal government through the Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) to create grants and require facilities to develop other activities to enhance mental and behavioral health among health care providers – NURS 6050 Discussion 1 Evidence Base in Design SAMPLE. The agency must award grants to healthcare facilities, medical professional associations, and other healthcare entities for interventions to promote mental health and resiliency among healthcare workers (GovTrack.US., 2021). The agency should also offer relevant mental and behavioral health training for health care students, residents and professionals.

The issue of mental and behavioral health is essential as many healthcare workers suffer from mental health problems. The proposed legislation will ensure that health care organizations and employers prioritize mental and behavioral health for their employees. Through the bill, more providers will gain

NURS 6050 Discussion 1 Evidence Base in Design SAMPLE

access to mental health services and enhance their overall performance. The bill also encourages health care providers to seek support and treatment for mental and behavioral health concerns. It also implores them to disseminate best practices to prevent suicide and improve their mental health resiliency, especially when handling public health emergencies like the COVID-19 pandemic.

Evidence exist to support the proposed policy as many health care workers face mental and behavioral health issues. The increased demand for healthcare services and nursing shortage are some of the issues that place constraints on healthcare workers and the need for mental health services and support. Studies by Lai et al. (2020) and Spoorthy, Pratapa, and Mahant (2020) show that the COVID-19 pandemic has placed increased stress on healthcare workers and they need interventions to help them navigate the new challenges. As such, evidence exists to demonstrate the need for mental and behavioral services for healthcare workers as proposed by this bill.


GovTrack.US. (2021). S. 610: Dr. Lorna Breen Health Care Provider Protection Act.

Lai, J., Ma, S., Wang, Y., Cai, Z., Hu, J., Wei, N., … & Hu, S. (2020). Factors associated with

mental health outcomes among health care workers exposed to coronavirus disease 2019. JAMA network open, 3(3), e203976-e203976. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.3976

Spoorthy, M. S. Pratapa, S. K. & Mahant, S. (2020). Mental health problems faced by healthcare

workers due to the COVID-19 pandemic–A review. Asian Journal of Psychiatry, 51: 102119. DOI: 10.1016/j.ajp.2020.102119

Hi, I…

I agree with your post. Healthcare providers need support mentally and physically as patients, yet those are the people who seek less help for their health. Our busy work schedule sometimes causes us to neglect to take care of our health. If this bill passes, we may have more time and access to healthcare for our mental and physical health.

The nursing shortage has been a big problem in the healthcare system. Nurses are the largest segment of healthcare providers, yet not enough nurses are out there. According to World Health Organization, There are 28 million nurses worldwide, but there is still around a 6 million nursing shortage overall. They also predict that 1 out of 6 nurses will be retiring in the next ten years.

I also found an interesting article about the correlations between burnout and the self-stigma of seeking help among healthcare professionals. Endriulaitiene et al. researched two different countries (Lithuania and the US) among healthcare provider attitudes toward seeking help – NURS 6050 Discussion 1 Evidence Base in Design SAMPLE . Lithuania is a Post-Soviet country and has its challenges socially and economically. In contrast, America is known for its norms of strong masculinity. Their study found that the two completely different countries have similar attitudes regarding seeking help, and show the same link between higher levels of self-stigma related to seeking help and higher scores on burnouts. If we have more access to seek help like the bill you suggested in your post, it will prevent healthcare providers’ burnouts, thus erasing some shortfalls of nursing shortage.


Endriulaitienė, A., Žardeckaitė-Matulaitienė, K., Pranckevičienė, A., Markšaitytė, R., Tillman, D. R., & Hof, D. D. (2019). Self-stigma of seeking help and job burnout in mental health care providers: The comparative study of Lithuanian and the USA samples. Journal of Workplace Behavioral Health, 34(2), 129–148.

World Health Organization. (2020, April 7). Retrieved from WHO and partners call for urgent investment in nurses:

RE: Discussion – Week 7

Conservations regarding nursing ratios to patients are highly debated in most healthcare entities.  Nurses have been required to take care of more patients in the last few years than ever before.  In hospitals, nurses average six to eight patients each and two to three ICU patients – NURS 6050 Discussion 1 Evidence Base in Design SAMPLE .  Nurses are not able to provide the best care possible when ratios are this high.  In healthcare settings, nurses’ workload, burnout, and job satisfaction are associated with the patient-nurse ratio  (Chen, 2019). Every patient deserves a single standard of high-quality care. Decades of research have documented how safe staffing reduces patient mortality, re-admission to the hospital post-discharge, and recovery.

Senate bill S. 1567 was introduced on May 11, 2021.  The bill was introduced and has been read twice and referred to the Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions.  The bill’s purpose is to amend the Public Health Service Act to establish direct care registered nurse-to-patient staffing ratio requirements in hospitals and for other purposes – NURS 6050 Discussion 1 Evidence Base in Design SAMPLE .  Recent changes in health care delivery systems that have resulted in higher acuity levels among patients in health care facilities increase the need for improved quality measures to protect patient care and reduce the incidence of medical errors. (S. 1567- Nurse Staffing Standards for Hospital Patient Safety and Quality Care Act of 2021).   Requirements for direct care registered nurse staffing ratios will help address the registered short nurse age in the United States by aiding in recruiting new registered nurses and improving retention of a registered nurse who is considering leaving direct patient care because of demands created by inadequate staffing.

The United States has one of the most sophisticated health care systems globally concerning innovation, health information technology, and the preparation of health care professionals. However, in many health indites designed to evaluate the overall health, the United States’ rates are comparatively low (Milstead & Short, 2019).

NURS 6050 Discussion 1 Evidence Base in Design SAMPLE References

Chen, Y. C. (2019). Patient-Nurse Ratio is Related to Nurses’ Intention to Leave Their Job through Mediating Factors of Burnout and Job Dissatisfaction. Int J Environ Res Public Health., 16(23), 4801. doi:10.3390/ijerph16234801

Milstead, J. A., & Short, N. (2019). Health policy and politics: A nurse’s guide (6th ed.). Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning.

Nurse Staffing Standards for Hospital Patient Safety and Quality Care Act of 2021. (2021, May 11). Retrieved from S. 1567:

RE: Discussion – Week 7
In early September, the Biden Administration announced a policy requiring all employers that employ more than 100 workers to require the COVID-19 vaccine or require weekly COVID-19 testing. Also in early September, the Biden Administration announced vaccine mandates for nearly 17 million healthcare workers who worked in settings where they received funding for Medicare and Medicaid. All federal employees must also receive the vaccine. According to the new policy, weekly COVID-19 testing is no longer an acceptable substitution for not receiving the vaccine (Massey, 2021).
The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) developed the plan for the new emergency rule regarding vaccine mandates for those employers employing more than 100 workers. It was announced that violations of this policy could result in fines reaching up to $14,000 per violation. Contrary to popular belief, it is completely legal per federal law that employers require vaccinations (Massey, 2021).
As a result of the new vaccination mandate, multiple states have pushed for legislation banning COVID-19 requirements. Multiple states have already passed such legislation such as Texas, Montana, Arizona, and North Dakota (NASHP, 2021).
I am very torn on my position regarding vaccination mandates. While I personally am pro vaccine, and believe in doing the greatest good for the greatest amount of people, I am uncomfortable with taking away individuals ‘ freedom of choice regarding their healthcare.
Massey, Stephen. September 10, 2021. White House Unveils Sweeping New Vaccine Mandates for Employers. Retrieved October 12, 2021 from
NASHP. October 1, 2021. State Efforts to Ban or Enforce COVID-19 Vaccine Mandates and Passports. Retrieved October 12, 2021 from 6050 Discussion 1 Evidence Base in Design SAMPLE

Thank you for the great post. The COVID-19 Health Disparities Action Act of 2021 was created in reaction to the growing health differences between various populations during the COVID-19 pandemic. The COVID-19 pandemic has underlined the numerous health differences in the United States. These disparities exist between different racial and ethnic groups and socioeconomic groups (Valencia et al., 2022). The act also shows a mission to study and create guidance on addressing health differences associated with COVID-19.

One of the social determinants that most impact this policy is income. Income imbalance is a significant element in health differences, as low-income people and families usually have less access to quality healthcare. The COVID-19 pandemic has worsened these differences, as low-income people are more likely to contract the virus and understand more severe symptoms. The COVID-19 Health Disparities Action Act of 2021 aims to manage these differences by delivering research funding, data collection, and agendas to enhance access to healthcare for vulnerable people.

Another social determinant that impacts this policy is a different race. Discrimination is a significant aspect of health differences, as minority groups are often underserved by the healthcare system (Arredondo, 2021). The COVID-19 pandemic has heightened these differences, as minority groups have more potential to contract the virus and experience more intense symptoms.


Arredondo, A. (2021). Health disparities and covid-19. Health Affairs40(9), 1514–1514.

Valencia, C. I., Gachupin, F. C., Molina, Y., & Batai, K. (2022). Interrogating patterns of cancer disparities by expanding the social determinants of health framework to include biological pathways of social experiences. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health19(4), 2455.

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