DQ: Explain what the difference is between a citation and reference, how using these properly will help you avoid the consequences of plagiarizing, and why a summary is preferred

DQ: Explain what the difference is between a citation and reference, how using these properly will help you avoid the consequences of plagiarizing, and why a summary is preferred

Part of academic integrity is giving proper credit to another writer’s research or work, this is accomplished through proper citation and referencing (Dawe et al., 2021). Paraphrasing or summarizing an author’s content helps the writer to synthesize material and form. Scholarly writing can be challenging in nature, especially as students begin a graduate-level program. Through paraphrasing, articles are read and analyzed. A robust and cohesive argument can be made when scholarly articles are compiled together (Badenhorst, 2018). In doing so, the writer’s discussion has a solid base of previous scientific support and can pose new information.

Citations are used in the body of the text. Citations provide credit to the original source and author for thoughts, context, and ideas (Gudi, 2021). Proper citing is a method to communicate amongst other scholars (Gullbekk & Byström, 2019). Accurate citing is necessary to avoid potential plagiarism (Badenhorst, 2018). Additionally, citations provide the readers with the context from which ideas were synthesized and conceptualized. References are used at the end of the text so readers can find the original source. A vigorous literature review can include the reference list at the end of scholarly articles. Researchers can use the reference list to branch or diversify their initial literature review and expand the scope of their search.

LopesWrite is a resource available from Grand Canyon University. By submitting assignments with more than 500 words, it ensures academic integrity is being met and helps to prevent plagiarism. It is a useful screening tool that could identify possible issues prior to the assignment submission. Plagiarism is a sign of academic dishonesty. By using LopesWrite, students can proactively ensure plagiarism is not present in their assignments.

A critical illness adds stress not only to the patient but also to family members. White et al. (2018) examined if a family support intervention would reduce stress on families associated with a critical care hospitalization. A PARTNER (Pairing Re-engineered ICU Teams with Nurse-Driven Emotional Support) was utilized as the communication liaison and offered family support. This intervention improved the quality-of-care rating and patient/family-centered care perception and decreased the length of ICU and hospital stay.


DQ: Explain what the difference is

Dawe, L., Stevens, J., Hoffman, B., & Quilty, M. (2021). Citation and Referencing Support at an Academic Library: Exploring Student and Faculty Perspectives on Authority and Effectiveness. College & Research Libraries, 82(7), 991–1003. https://doi-org.lopes.idm.oclc.org/10.5860/crl.82.7.991

Gudi, S. K. (2021). References and citations: Are we doing it right? Retrieved on March 5th, 2021 from https://ecrcommunity.plos.org/2021/07/02/references-and-citations-are-we-doing-it-right/

Gullbekk, E., & Byström, K. (2019). Becoming a scholar by publication – PhD students citing in interdisciplinary argumentation. Journal of Documentation, 75(2), 247–269. https://doi-org.lopes.idm.oclc.org/10.1108/JD-06-2018-0101

As you mentioned, plagiarism is academic dishonesty, and it is unethical. I am glad that LopesWrite is available to review the work

DQ Explain what the difference is between a citation and reference, how using these properly will help you avoid the consequences of plagiarizing, and why a summary is preferred

submitted and assist in avoiding plagiarism. Plagiarism effects the “the quality, readability, and trustworthiness of scholarly publications” (Zimba & Gasparyan 2021). Plagiarism is often visited as writers intentionally or unintentionally obtain others’ information or reuse their own information without referencing. Plagiarism awareness has been on the rise to ensure writers are compliant. Common instances of plagiarism include plagiarism of ideas, direct copying, Paraphragiarism, text recycling, translational plagiarism, plagiarism of graphics, plagiarism with citation manipulation, and compound plagiarism (Zimba & Gasparyan 2021). It is important that as scholarly writers we review our work for these concerns.

Zimba, O., & Gasparyan, A. (2021). Plagiarism detection and prevention: A primer for researchers. Reumatologia/Rheumatology, 59(3), 132–137. https://doi.org/10.5114/reum.2021.105974


The APA style of writing is one of the standard guidelines, and an essential element for all academic and professional endeavors that is used to create precise and clear writings in an organized, uniform and consistent way by authors and for authors as well as for all types of students in order to achieve excellence in scholarly writing (American Psychological Association, [APA]. (2020).

Citations is the system of informing your readers that you have used ideas from other sources by acknowledging those authors and by providing the link so that the readers could have direct assess to the particular sources you used, if they want to look further. This system prevents the writer from plagiarizing the author’s work and it also helps to lend credibility to your work showing that other authors have thought about the same topic (Limestone University, 2022). You only cite author’s that has influenced you and you have borrowed their ideas and theories and included them in your work (APA, 2020).

DQ: Explain what the difference is

References are the detailed list of the citations of articles, journals or books of others that was used to write one’s paper or work (University of Birmingham, 2022). Using citations and references shows your credibility and that you are not taking over the work or words of someone else. It helps you to avoid plagiarism which is the act of using another author’s words/work without acknowledging them. When you use citations and references, it helps you to avoid the serious consequence that could result from the lack of citation or referencing such as losing one’s credibility as a writer or an author, as a student, you may fail that class or be suspended or expelled from the school.

Plagiarism is when a writer uses another author’s word without acknowledging them by citing and referencing them in that paper (APA, 2020).  It could be unintentional or intentional but there is no acceptable excuse (Purdue Writing Lab., (n.d.). Even if you quote an author, you still need to acknowledge them but it is best to summarize the work of another Author. A summary is a brief explanation of the main points of the borrowed author’s work and it should be shorter that the main work and not have quotation marks. When you summarize, it shows you have an understanding of the work (Purdue Writing Lab., (n.d.).

Lopes write is a school resource that helps the student and teachers check their work to make sure that they do not have too many quotations from another’s work and that they have cited all the works they have used by encouraging proper citation. This helps to maintain the integrity of the student and the school and avoid plagiarism. It also gives the students feedback on their grammar, style and spelling error. After it checks the student’s paper through a variety of databases, it gives a similarity index of the work. The student is supposed to be below a certain percentage of similarity index (Grand Canyon University, (n.d.).

DQ: Explain what the difference is

This article by Hornnes & Poulsen (2020) have demonstrated through original primary research using randomized control trial of intervention and control of one of the risk factors of stroke recurrence like blood pressure (BP) to demonstrate that the reoccurrence of stroke can be reduced by 24%. The large study assessed 627 eligible participants then excluded 549 of which 424 did not meet the inclusion criteria and 41 declined participation and 84 gave no reasons. In the end 78 participants qualified with an equal number of 39 for interventions and 39 for control. But with the final analysis of the participants, they only had 73 participants 36 in interventions and 37 with controls (Hornnes, & Poulsen, 2020). The intervention participants came for 3-4 weeks visit at a dedicated preventive outpatient clinic while the control group went to their regular general practitioners after discharge and only the nurses and the physicians monitored their blood pressure. The study at the end showed that the timely intervention and follow up of stroke patients BP in a preventive clinic resulted in the control of their BP which may lead to delay of the reoccurrence of stroke, disability and possible death (Hornnes, & Poulsen, 2020).

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